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新标准大学英语(第二版)综合教程2-Unit-2-A篇练习答案及课文翻译_图文

1 Contents Active Reading 1 2 Warming Up Listen to a passage and answer questions. New words Okinawa (日本)冲绳 curator n. (博物馆、美术馆、图书馆等)管理者;馆长 morale n. 士气 sue for peace 求和;议和 preserve v. 保留 pacifist n. 和平爱好者 Nagasaki (日本)长崎 Hiroshima (日本)广岛 3 Warming Up 1. Why was the Invasion of Okinawa the bloodiest, and one of the largest battles of World War II? 2. What were the intentions of the Japanese general in this battle? 3. What was one of the reasons that US officials decided to drop atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima? 4. What do today’s Okinawans (冲绳人) think of war? Scri4pt Warming Up 1. Why was the Invasion of Okinawa was the bloodiest, and one of the largest battles of World War II? More than 1,000 American ships and hundreds of thousands of troops were involved. The fighting lasted 82 days. Villages were destroyed and forests burned. Almost 200,000 people were killed. 2. What were the intentions of the Japanese general in this battle? He planned to hurt the morale and strength of the Americans. / His intention was to bleed the American forces so bad that the US sued for peace. 5 Warming Up 3. What was one of the reasons that US officials decided to drop atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima? Japanese forces fought fiercely. Some fought to the death, refusing to surrender even when they knew they could not win. This was one reason US officials gave for their decision to drop atomic bombs on the city of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. 4. What do today’s Okinawans (冲绳人) think of war? Many Okinawans are pacifists, and they gather often to speak against violence. They are unhappy about the presence of American troops on Okinawa. And they oppose efforts by conservatives in Japan to strengthen the country’s military. Script 6 Warming Up Script On August 15, 1945, Japan surrendered to allied forces led by the United States. The allies fought many costly battles against Japan. The bloodiest and most deadly was the Battle of Okinawa. US officials said the battle was one reason they decided to use atomic weapons on Japan. They said the human cost of fighting was too high. The invasion of Okinawa was the last, the bloodiest, and one of the largest battles of World War II. More than 1,000 American ships and hundreds of thousands of troops were involved. The fighting lasted 82 days. Villages were destroyed and forests burned. Almost 200,000 people were killed. 7 Warming Up A small museum on a US Marine base in Okinawa shows pictures and historical objects fr



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